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The Lifesaving Guide: Essential Steps to Rescue a Drowning Person

Scope of drowning 

Every year more than ten thousand deaths are caused by drowning in India. Death in drowning occurs due to suffocation or water entering the lungs. A drowning person is one who is in the process of, or at risk of, suffocation or suffocation due to drowning or being immersed in water. Drowning is a serious and potentially fatal condition that can occur when a person's airway is obstructed by water, preventing them from breathing normally. In some cases, the person may be able to keep his head above water for a short time, but eventually he becomes exhausted and unable to continue. It is important to recognize the signs of a drowning person, such as gasping for air, flailing arms, and the inability to speak or call for help, and take immediate action to save them. Quick intervention can mean the difference between life and death for a drowning person.

 Risk factors associated with drowning

Lack of swimming ability. People who do not know how to swim or are weak swimmers are at a higher risk of drowning. The absence of barriers, such as fences or pool covers, around swimming pools or other bodies of water increases the risk of drowning, especially for children.  Alcohol and drug use impair judgment, coordination, and reaction time, increasing the likelihood of drowning.  People with seizure disorders are at a higher risk of drowning, especially if they are swimming or bathing alone Children and inexperienced swimmers should always be supervised when they are in or around water. Certain medical conditions, such as heart disease or respiratory issues, can increase the risk of drowning. Rough water, currents, and weather conditions can increase the risk of drowning. It's important to be aware of these risk factors and take appropriate precautions to reduce the risk of drowning.

  • Inability to swim
  • Alcohol abuse
  • Heart attack near water
  • Boating accident
  • Suicide attempt.

Identification of the victim drowning in water

  • He has difficulty breathing
  • Tries to come to the surface of the water repeatedly, to breathe
  • Raising a hand to ask for help,
  • Struggles to breathe
  • Struggling to keep his head above the surface of the water
  • The victim is breathing unusually fast
  • Eventually, the skin may turn blue or faint due to a lack of oxygen in the blood.
  • A face floating in the water, no movement.
  • Near drowning, victims can be saved. 

The Lifesaving Guide: Essential Steps to Rescue a Drowning Person

The necessary steps to save the life of a drowning victim are:

 Call for emergency services immediately. If someone else is around, ask them to call while you attend to the victim. Determine the victim's location and try to reach them as quickly as possible. If the victim is in a swimming pool, remove them from the water using a reaching pole or a rescue tube, if available. Check if the victim is breathing. If they are not breathing, perform CPR if you are trained to do so. If the victim is conscious and breathing, help them cough up any water they may have ingested. Cover the victim with a blanket or clothing to prevent hypothermia. Check for injuries and provide first aid as needed. Stay with the victim until emergency services arrive and continue to monitor their condition. It's important to remember that time is of the essence when it comes to rescuing a drowning victim. The sooner you can reach them and provide assistance, the better their chances of survival.

  • Call someone near you
  • To tell her to call for an ambulance
  • Attempt rescue by using a stick or rope to drag the victim to dry ground, if that is safe for you.
  • After bringing it to dry land, cover the victim with a blanket to keep warm.
  • If the victim is unconscious or even dead. do CPR
  • Always seek medical advice after a near-drowning incident.
  • Never try to defend beyond your physical capacity,
  • Do not give CPR underwater
  • Under no circumstances should you try to squeeze the stomach to remove the water.
  • Contraction of the abdomen is life-threatening to the victim, do CPR if the victim is not breathing.

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