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types of antacid and uses

Antacid  means - Anti + acid.  Drugs that are used against stomach acid are called antacids. Antacid neutralizes the effect of acid in the stomach.  Antacids are alkaline substances and neutralize gastric acid.  They increased the gastric pH in the stomach. but did not reduce acid production. Antacids relieve  Indigestion,  Heartburn,  Acid reflux,  and Indigestion . and are used in the forms of  Tablets  Chewing tablets  Gels   Syrup. Types of antacids Antacid are 2 types,  Systemic antacid and non-systemic antacid Systemic antacid-  It is a water-soluble antacid. For example, S odium bicarbonate.   is a systemic antacid. acts immediately, but has a short-lived effect. sodium bicarbonate increases the gastric pH and neutralizes the gastric HCl. It is effective in duodenal ulcers. should not be given long-term use.  not recommended for patients with heart disease, high blood. The non-systemic antacid  is water-insoluble. It is poorly absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. and not

which of the following is not an example of parenteral preparation

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The  parenteral preparation  or injectables are the sterile solution or suspensions, of drugs in aqueous or oily solvent forgiven directly into the body, parenteral preparation is another route of drug administration into the body. Since they are introduced into the internal body, they must be sterile and free from all types of living microorganisms and microbial products such as toxins, pyrogens, etc Pixabay License   The administration of drugs or medicines into the body other than the mouth is called the parenteral route. Parenteral preparations are administered directly into the systemic circulation in the human body. which of the following is not an example of parenteral preparation,    Injectable should be isotonic with body fluids. isotonic is a solution having the same osmotic pressure as some other solution, especially a body fluid.                  Parental preparation must be introduced through the same route for which they are intended for example -if an oily suspension for

necessary steps to save the life of a drowning person

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Every year more than ten thousand deaths are caused by drowning in India. Death in drowning occurs due to suffocation or water entering the lungs. Identification of the victim drowning in water He has difficulty breathing Tries to come to the surface of the water repeatedly, to breathe Raising a hand to ask for help, Struggles to breathe Struggling to keep his head above the surface of the water The victim is breathing unusually fast Eventually, the skin may turn blue or faint due to a lack of oxygen in the blood. A face floating in the water, no movement. Near drowning, victims can be saved.  drowning The main cause of drowning Inability to swim Alcohol abuse Heart attack near water Boating accident Suicide attempt. Necessary steps to save the life of a drowning victim. Call someone near you To tell her to call for an ambulance Attempt rescue by using a stick or rope to drag the victim to dry ground, if that is safe for you. After bringing it to dry land, cover the victim with a blank

Adrenaline given by doctor in an emergency, know how it works

Adrenaline belongs to the sympathomimetics class of drugs. primarily given for the treatment of cardiac arrest, hypotension due to shock, and life-threatening allergic reactions.  Adrenaline should be taken as advised by a doctor. It is available in the form of injection.  Adrenaline is also known as epinephrine. It is a life-saving drug.  Adrenaline is widely used  in abnormal heart function, blood  pressure,  and eye preparations.  It is used for, c ardiac arrest. h ypotension due to shock, and l ife-threatening allergic reactions.                                      💉💊           💉💊                💉💊            💉💊       💉💊 Effects of adrenaline or epinephrine   On the heart Adrenaline increases heart rate, the force of contraction, and cardiac output.  Adrenaline increases blood  pressure, due   to its direct effect on the heart and vasoconstriction of blood vessels.  Due to its direct   effect on the heart and vasoconstriction of blood vessels, a drenaline relaxes the bro

Repeated uses of pentazocine drugs lead to the development of physical dependence.

Pentazocine drugs are  primarily  used to treat body pain. Pentazocine is a narcotics analgesic drug. repeated   use of   pentazocine drugs developed  p sychological and physical dependence. Pentazocine is a synthetic narcotic drug. that belongs to the benzomorphan class of narcotics. Some patients may occur these side effects,  Depression, cough, nausea, vomiting, insomnia, dryness of mouth, irritability, drowsiness, difficulty in seeing, and hearing may occur. Pentazocine drugs are banned in some countries.   Pentazocine used  Chronic pain, Recurrent moderately severe pain associated with surgery, Trauma,  Colic, Burns, Pre-anesthetic medication. Dosages of pentazocine drugs Oral dose  S evere pain Adult  - doses are  50 mg to 100mg every 3-4 hrs. maximum 600 mg daily. Children  6 years to 12 years of age  25 mg every 3- 4 Hrs. Injection Moderate to severe pain Adult   dose - 30 mg to 60 mg by SC, IM, or IV injection is given interval of 3-4 hrs. Child  up to 1 year. 1 mg/kg  by Sc,

effects and side effects of drugs

 Nowadays the use of medicines is increasing. Their effect is also immediate, so it is important to use them very carefully. Otherwise, they can also cause harm. Medicines are very useful in curing diseases. Hence should be used exactly as prescribed by the doctor or pharmacist. Medicines are used to prevent, treat, and maintain normal body functions. Various natural and traditional methods have been used around the world to treat diseases. For example, herbs, trees, plants, animal parts, etc. have been used in the field of medicine for a long time. These traditional medicinal substances do not have any special side effects on our body, if they are consumed in a prescribed quantity then they are almost safe. We must remember that there is a fixed maximum amount of medicines that can be given without causing harm. The medicine helps our body to be healthy, it kills microorganisms or stops their production. Some common side effects of the medicine   Constipation Abdominal pain Skin rash