How to treat low blood sugar at home without any medicines

What is low blood sugar

A condition where body blood sugar falls below 60-70 mg/dl called hypoglycemia. A blood sugar level below 60-70 mg/dL or a drop of more than 100 mg/dL an hour at any time indicates hypoglycemia.

hypoglycemia, that means a level of 70 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or less.

Cause of hypoglycemia :
  1. pancreatic tumor;
  2. hypopituitarism;
  3. Starvation or fasting;
  4. Excess dose of insulin or other diabetes medication;
  5. Failure to take food after taking diabetes medicines;
  6. Excess harmful liquid intake (alcohol) without food;
  7. Increase physical activity.

what is the normal blood sugar level

Blood sugar concentration or blood glucose level is defined as the amount of glucose (sugar) present in the blood of a person. The body naturally regulates blood glucose levels as a part of metabolic homeostasis.

Norma blood sugar level

The normal range of blood sugar levels is 80 to 120 / 100 ml of blood.

Post lunch blood sugar level

Post-lunch normal blood sugar one hour after a meal - 100–120 mg/dl.

Fasting blood sugar range

       Normal                                                  Diabetics 

Fasting                                < 6.1 (5.6)                                                   ≥ 7.8 (6.7)

  Time of check                                      Normal blood sugar level

Fasting or before breakfast                                  60–90 mg/dl

Before meals                                                           60–90 mg/dl

Glucose tolerance test

The diabetic response using oral glucose (75 g);

whole blood glucose concentrations (mmol/l)

       Normal                                                  Diabetics 

Fasting                                < 6.1 (5.6)                                                   ≥ 7.8 (6.7)

After two hours                  < 8.9 (6.7)                                                  ≥  11.1 (10)

normal blood sugar level 1 hour after eating

Normal blood sugar After 1-hour eating 100-120 mg /dl 

Blood sugar a normal person  Before Meal- 4.0 to 5.9 mmol/L;

Blood sugar a normal person  90 minutes after meal under 7.8 mmol/L.

Blood sugar monitor

To check blood sugar levels, a portable blood sugar meter called a glucometer tests blood sugar. Usually with a fingertip. A lancet lightly pricks your skin to get blood, and that blood is put into a strip and tested by a blood sugar monitor.
Nowadays, monitors of many companies are available.

sign and symptoms of low blood sugar :

Most people feel symptoms of hypoglycemia when their blood sugar is 70 milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL) or lower. Each person with diabetes may have different symptoms of hypoglycemia.
  1. Confusion
  2. Dizziness
  3. Feeling shaky
  4. Hunger
  5. Headaches
  6. Irritability
  7. Pounding heart; racing pulse
  8. Pale skin
  9. Sweating
  10. Trembling
  11. Weakness
  12. Anxiety
  13. Poor concentration,
  14. Numbness in mouth and tongue,
  15. Seizures,
  16. Coma.

Low blood sugar treatment
  1. Avoid drink of excess harmful liquid (alcohol),
  2. Eat regularly,
  3. Follow medical advice for your blood sugar levels and take medication as prescribed by your doctor.

First aid of hypoglycemia
  1. reassure the victim
  2. if the victim is responsive, give him/her a sweetened drink, candy, chocolate, or biscuits.
  3. if the victim is breathing but unresponsive, put him/her into the recovery position
  4. if the victim is not breathing, do CPR
  5. do not give insulin or diabetic medication
  6. do not give anything by mouth if the victim is unconscious.

written by gsrsirji,


microbiology textbook and google search.

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