Intrauterine device-IUD, benefits, risks, and side effects

Intrauterine device IUD is a popular birth control method among women. inserted inside the uterus (womb).  It is beneficial to those women who are unable to use other contraceptive methods. An intrauterine device (IUD) is a reversible birth control method. Two types of copper Intrauterine device IUD used in India. Copper IUCD 380A is effective for 10 years and copper IUCD 375 effective for 5 years.

Intrauterine device IUD is also known as copper-T. copper-T made of plastic that shaped like an English capital letter T, a thin copper wire wrapped on it. due to the T shaped it is called copper T. and is effective for a duration of 5 to 10 years.

Copper IUD  is a safe, highely effective, and loge acting  birth control method. easy and effective way to differentiate children from 5 years to 10 years. it is a small device, made of plastic and copper which inserted into the uterus 


How to Copper T (IUD) work

Copper-containing IUDs consistently release a small amount of copper. copper stimulates the formation of prostaglandin in the uterus. As a result, the formation of biologic foam, it is a toxic effect on the sperm, therefore sperm can not meeting with ova (female egg). It is a temporary and reversible method for family planning. 

Who can use an intrauterine device

Couples who do not want a child immediately or want a gap between 2 children can use this device. Intrauterine devices Copper-T can be inserted following condition. For example, after  MTP, after abortion, after delivery, or 6 months after delivery. It is important to ensure there is no pre-uterine infection or sexually transmitted disease. 

Under normal circumstances, intrauterine device copper-T can be applied after menstruation.

Intrauterine device-IUD

  • A little examination and caution are required.
  • Protection from 5 to 10 years.
  • reversible,  any time get pregnant after Intrauterine device (IUD) removal.
  • It does not disturb any sexual relationship.
  • It can be easily installed, and removal at any time, within 10 minutes.

    Side effects of Intrauterine device (IUD)

    Some rare side effects reported after applying an Intrauterine device (IUD) such as irregular menstruation, more blood during menstrual, smelly discharge, yellowish abnormal discharge, abdominal pain, pain while making sex, fever.

    Unexpected pregnancies are rare as a contraceptive failure of the Intrauterine device (IUD). All problems are resolved after some time. If the problem remains for more than 2-3 months, consult your doctor.

        The right time to apply or remove an Intrauterine device (IUD)

           It is essential to know whether a woman is pregnant or not. The best time to insert an Intrauterine device (IUD) is, after delivery and menstruation. And can be applied after abortion or MTP.

          do not insert if 

            • Frequent urination.
            • Enlarged uterus.
            • Abdominal pain, and bloating.
            • Excessive bleeding during menstruation.
            • Uterine fibroblast tumor.
            • Cervical infection.
            • sexually transmitted diseases.
            • Pregnancy.
            • Sexual infection.
            • Abnormal bleeding.
            • Any discomfort in the uterus.

            Care of women after applying copper T

            After inserted intrauterine device, needs to be taken care of the initial days. After inserting it, a minor complication is seen, which is cured with simple treatment.


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