lymphadenitis tuberculosis more common in children and adults

Tuberculosis occurring in organs other than the lungs is called extrapulmonary tuberculosis. While lungs tuberculosis is called pulmonary tuberculosis. Pulmonary TB is the most commonly reported patient worldwide. The most commonly occurring TB after pulmonary TB is lymphadenitis.

TB lymphadenitis is more common in children and adults, who are under 30–35 years of age and it is also common in women.

Lymphadenitis means inflammation of the lymph node. There is swelling of the lymph node of the neck.
It is also found in the mediastinal lymph node and abdominal lymph nodes. Axilla (groin) is a rare sight for the presence of tuberculosis. The most common form of extra-pulmonary tuberculosis is TB lymphadenitis. In children, it emerges as a small bulge on the neck that is easily identifiable.

The common symptoms of TB lymphadenitis are mesenteric lymphadenitis inflammation of lymph nodes. abdominal pain. Lymph node inflammation.

Extra-pulmonary TB consists of 10% - 15% of total TB cases. many types of extrapulmonary tuberculosis found, such as lymph nodes, intestine, genital tract, joint and bones tuberculosis, meninges- brain tuberculosis.

lymphadenitis tuberculosis 

lymphadenitis is more common in children and below the age of 30-35 years and women.

Lymph nodes in the neck are more frequently involves, it is also found TB in mediastinal and abdominal lymph nodes. Axilla (groin) are infrequent sites for the presence of tuberculosis. 


lymphadenitis tuberculosis symptoms are as follows. 
  • Fever,
  • Malaise,
  • Weight loss,
  • Anorexia,
  • Lack of appetite and weight loss,
  • A high temperature of 38 degrees (100.4 degrees F) or above,
  • Extreme tiredness or fatigue,
  • Night sweating,
  • Chest pain.


Lymphadenitis tuberculosis can be detected to some extent by observing symptoms. But to make sure some investigation is required. Lymphadenitis tuberculosis is diagnosed based on clinical findings.

Therefore, an attempt should be made to confirm by cytological or histopathological diagnosis by initiating fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) or excision biopsy.

In addition to the chest, X-rays are taken coincidentally, indicating a mediastinal widening of history adenitis.

An intermittent 6-month SCC regimen has been proven to be very effective in the treatment of TB lymphadenitis.

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