sex hormones that control menstrual cycle

Menstrual cycle:

The menstrual cycle is the process of producing and releasing mature ova. It is also called the month of menstruation in Latin.
The onset of the menstrual cycle indicates that in females, the ability to bore children has been achieved.

In this process, the mature egg (egg) is pushed down from the ovary to the fallopian tube. Every month an egg is released by the ovaries and it enters the fallopian tube waiting for sperm. The lining of the uterus is thickened for the preparation of fertilized eggs. If there is no fertilization (with sperm) the unfertilized egg and uterine wall protrude from the uterus, which is called menstruation.

The process of the menstrual cycle:

  1. The uterus prepares itself for the development of a baby, the uterus contains blood vessels and other nutrients for a baby to grow. If the egg is fertilized, it sticks to the uterine wall and starts growing.
  2. If the egg is not fertilized, the uterus expels it from the body.
  3. Tissue and blood come out of the uterus through the vagina. This is called the menstrual cycle. Bleeding usually lasts for 3-5 days.
  4. After this, the uterus starts preparing for another egg. The period between this period is about 28 days to 1 month. Usually, this is common but in some cases, cramps (painful cramps) or abdominal bloating (swelling) are felt.


1: The pituitary gland secretes luteinizing hormone (LH) and follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) that stimulate the ovaries to release a mature egg, two ovaries turn to produce an egg or egg, and one egg. It departs every 28 days. The release of a mature egg by an ovary is called ovulation.

2: The ovaries release two hormones, estrogen, and progesterone, which alter the lining of the uterus and prepare themselves for a possible pregnancy.

3: Then the egg goes into the fallopian tube.

4: If the egg is not fertilized by a sperm, it dies and starts coming out of the uterus.

5: The lining of the uterus starts to break down and there is a lack of blood, it usually lasts for 3-5 days.
Called the menstrual cycle or menstruation.

6: The next menstrual period is after 28 days if there is no fertilization within this period.

7: First adolescent girls are called menstruation. And is usually 10–15 years of age


  1. Tender breasts.
  2. Inflammation, fluid retention.
  3. Headache, acne, joint pain.
  4. Stomach cramps, diarrhea or constipation.

Food eating during menstruation:

  1. Eat a balanced diet, iron-rich food or supplements
  2. Take medication if necessary.
  3. Drink more water
  4. Avoid eating spicy, fatty or oily food.
  5. Do during menstruation
  6. A bath every day.
  7. Wash your genital organs with warm water
  8. Wear cotton panties
  9. Replace the sanitary pad every 3 to 4 o'clock.


Menopause is a condition where menstruation stops. When a woman turns 45–50 years old, her fertility decreases and menstruation stops.

Symptoms of menopause:

There are the following symptoms of menopause.
  1. Irritability.
  2. Genital organ irritation/discomfort.
  3. Dryness of the genital organ.
  4. The ability to have children is lost after menopause.

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