fainting- sudden and temporary loss of consciousness

Fainting- The symptoms of fainting are sudden and temporary loss of consciousness. It usually occurs for a short period of time when blood flow to the brain decreases. Caused by a temporary problem with the part of the nervous system that controls the body's automatic functions. Including heartbeat and blood pressure.

Dehydration is a major cause of unconsciousness in children.

Cause of fainting 

  • Low blood sugar
  • Low blood pressure
  • Lack of sleep
  • Emotional distress
  • Unpleasant
  • Night
  • Standing still for along time
  • A sudden change of a position
  • Injury
  • Heart-related condition
  • Neurological condition
  • Certain medication

Prevention of fainting

  • Seek medical advice for blood pressure
  • Medical seeks advice for blood sugar problem
  • Sleep at least 8 hrs per day
  • Avoid standing for a long period of time
  • Avoid excess alcohol intake 
  • Avoid smoking
  • take medication as prescribed by a physician

The action was taken immediately

  • Make sure that the scene is safe
  • Lay the patient down with the feet resting on 2-3 pillows or elevate the feet 1 foot  above the ground
  • Loosen any tight clothing
  • Ensure plenty of fresh air
  • Avoiding overcrowding  and open the window
  • Reassure the victim
  • Help him /her to sit up gradually
  • If the victim was injured in a fall associated with fainting, treat any bumps, bruises, or cuts appropriately

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