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Measles-rubella immunization meaning


Measles and rubella caused by a virus. Measles is a serious contaminated disease in young children (children under 5 years of age). 

And due to the complications of other diseases such as diarrhea, pneumonia, and brain infection, death can also occur.

Rubella: Usually rubella disease mild in children, but when the woman is infected with the rubella virus at the beginning of pregnancy, the baby in the stomach is very likely to have rubella. 

There can be serious side effects that occur in pregnant women, such as abortion, dead delivery, or severe birth defects such as,

C. R. S (birth-prone rubella syndrome)  in which the flaws of the heart, eyes, ears, and brain, etc arise. Babies suffering from the rubella disease (C. R. S) for more than 1 year and spread the rubella virus.


Transmitted :

Measles is an extremely contagious illness transmitted through respiratory droplets and aerosolized particles that can remain in the air for up to two hours. 

Most often seen in young children. Most people with measles recover without complications within a week. 

The infants, with weak immunity, the infection can be severe. Like, including pneumonia, encephalitis, other secondary infections, blindness, and even death.


Symptoms of rubella:

Symptoms of rubella are usually mild to children, Symptoms are seen after 2-3 weeks of infection in Rubella. After the infection, the first symptoms take 10-12 days to appear. which is usually fever.

Rubella and pregnancy:

Rubella: Usually rubella disease mild in children, but when the woman is infected with the rubella virus at the beginning of pregnancy, the baby in the stomach is very likely to have rubella. 

There can be serious side effects that occur in pregnant women, such as abortion, dead delivery, or severe birth defects such as C. R. S (birth-prone rubella syndrome)  in which the flaws of the heart, eyes, ears, and brain, etc arise. 

Babies suffering from the rubella disease (C. R. S) for more than 1 year and spread the rubella virus.

👉 itching,


👉 low fever, nausea, and


👉 Conjunctivitis.


👉 There are symptoms of swollen glands behind the ears and neck.


👉 Infected adults and women may have pain in arthritis and joints.



Important symptoms of Measles:

In beginning, there is a fever, coughing, and sneezing. as the virus localizes in subcutaneous tissues, the skin breaks out in a blotchy rash

The rash begins behind the ears at the hairline, then covers the face and trunk. the first evidence of disease appears along the gums and on the wall of the pharynx. there develop red patches with central white lesions with concurrent fever are known as koplik spots.
  1. Cough,
  2. conjunctivitis,
  3. common cold,
  4. runny nose, watery eyes, swollen eyelids, and sneezing,
  5. red-eye and sensitivity to light,
  6. fever,
  7. tiredness,
  8. irritability,
  9. pain,
  10. poor appetite,
  11. tiny greyish spots in the mouth and throat.


Measles is a very serious disease in very young children (children under 5 years of age). And due to the complications of diarrhea, pneumonia, and brain infection, death can also occur. The measles rash appears about 2-3 days after the fever begins.



Measles deaths worldwide:


Before the measles vaccine was developed, 2 to 3 million people worldwide suffered from the disease annually.

Today, measles causes more than 100,000 deaths globally each year.

prevent measles and rubella disease:
The first vaccine for measles was developed in 1954 by John Anders and Thomas Peebles.
It was replaced in 1960 by another vaccine.
Currently, children are vaccinated after 9 months to 15 months of age.

Measles and rubella can be prevented with a vaccine that is highly effective and safe. Called M R vaccine. It protects from 2 diseases.
  1. Malls,
  2. rubella.


Measles vaccine M R (measles, and rubella) regular vaccinations are highly effective in the prevention of measles.

In India, the first dose of MR vaccination is given between the ages of 9–12 months and the second dose in 14 to 24 months.


FAQ:


Q - What causes measles and rubella?
Measles and rubella are caused by viruses.



Q - How does measles spread?

It is a highly contagious disease spread by air from infectious droplets.



Q - How does rubella spread?

Rubella is infected with infectious drops when a person coughs or sneezes. An infected pregnant woman can infect her unborn baby.



Q - What are the symptoms of measles?
The symptoms of measles are fever, rash, cough, runny nose, red-eye, etc.



Q - What are the symptoms of rubella?
In children, the disease is usually mild, with symptoms of rash, low fever, nausea, and conjunctivitis. Swollen glands behind the ear and in the neck are characteristic symptoms. Arthritis and joint pain may occur in an infected person.



Q - How long after symptoms are measles infected?
The first symptom occurs 10–12 days later. Which causes fever. Measles rashes appear 2–3 days after onset.



Q - How many days after rubella is infected?
After being infected, the virus spreads throughout the body in 5 days. Infections usually show symptoms after 2-3 weeks.



references

  1. nation institute of health https://www.nih.gov/
  2. microbiology p d Sharma Rastogi publications.





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