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Japanese encephalitis JE is a viral disease caused by mosquitoes to humans.

Japanese encephalitis (JE) is a viral disease that infects animal and humans .it is transmitted by mosquitoes in humans. Japanese encephalitis is a disease caused by a flavivirus that affects the membranes around the brain. the symptoms are mild fever and headache or without apparent symptoms but sometimes severe disease characterized by high-grade fever, headache, neck stiffness, disorientation, coma, seizures, spastic paralysis, or death.


Transmission:

Japanese encephalitis (JE) disease spread by female mosquito culex bite in humans. This disease is spread by a virus, which mainly grows in the pig. If a female mosquito bites a person after drinking pig blood, then this disease also happens in humans.



Symptoms:

Japanese encephalitis (JE) has an incubation period is 5 to 15 days.

  1. Fever (38 degrees C or 100 degrees F) or above,
  2. Headache,
  3. Diarrhea,
  4. Muscle pain.
  5. Seizures,
  6. Changes in mental state,
  7. The uncontrol shake of the body part,
  8. Loss of the ability to speak,
  9. Muscle weakness, stiffness,
  10. The slowness of body movement,
  11. Difficult control of the movement of eyes,
  12. Difficult controls of the muscle of the face.


Cause:
Japanese encephalitis (JE) is caused by a flavivirus. and can affect both animal and human beings. the virus passed through the animals.



Diagnosis:
  • blood test,
  • lumbar puncture,
  • a computerized tomography(CT) scan,
  • a magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan.


Prevention:
  • to reduce vector density,
  • wire-netting on the windows and doors.
  • use mosquito repellents.
  • use mosquito nets.
  • wear a full-sleeved nightdress.
  • controlled by destroying mosquitoes and their eggs in their breeding places.
  • filling of ditches where mosquitoes breed.
  • spraying kerosene oil or DDT on the surface of ponds and lakes so kill the eggs and larva of mosquitoes.
  • changing the water of room coolers.




also read, Encephalitis (JE).

references:


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